Spot test! The hand is one of the most complex and beautiful pieces of natural engineering in the human body, allowing for such versatility from power grasp to precision manipulation.
This is a great article for all those interested in vascular surgery! And helps explain why >5.5cm is the cut off point for AAA repair. This landmark study by the UK NHS clearly shows that early surgical intervention for small abdominal aortic aneurysms confers no survival benefit over surveillance.
What a fantastic image! Interventional and endovascular procedures are revolutionising the field of surgery. It is fascinating to see the anatomy light up like this, and even more incredible to be able to ‘intervene’ with minimally invasive procedures.
The numerous foramen of the skull base are collectively known as the cranial foramina and are most commonly considered in the context of the cranial nerves. It is essential to be able to identify the various foramen and the structures they transmit.
Lasts Anatomy – revered as the anatomical bible of surgical training, but who is the man behind the book?
Primary Anatomy is immensely proud to announce our new partnership with the New Zealand Orthopaedic Education Group!
Primary Anatomy is the comprehensive anatomy resource for students, Pre-SET and RACS trainees preparing to sit the Generic Surgical Sciences Exam (GSSE).
With the next GSSE exam on the 4th and 5th of November don’t forget to sign up! Registration opens next week from the 7th of July to the 4th of August.
Putting your name down and paying that exam fee is in many ways a great motivator, make the commitment and start your exam preparation today!
Supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common elbow fracture in children, with displaced fractures generally requiring surgical management with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning as the first line treatment option. Whether you are a budding orthopod or otherwise you will without doubt encounter the child with a painful elbow following FOOSH, make sure you always consider a supracondylar fracture and are familiar with assessing X-rays of the elbow joint – look for a posterior fat pad sign and/or displacement of the anterior humeral line which is often the giveaway!
Sketching is a fantastic way to study anatomy, not only does it challenge your visual memory but forces you to focus on the detail and relationships of the anatomical structures.
The NSABP B-06 Trial is a must know for all general surgeons and especially those with an interest in breast surgery. This multicentre trial randomised close to 2000 women with stage I or II breast cancer to mastectomy or lumpectomy, and after 20 years of follow up...
Development of the gastrointestinal tract is fascinating, and a good understanding of this process helps to explain the subsequent location, supply and innervation of the abdominal viscera and sections of the GIT.
Providing support and education to our future surgeons is a huge part of our endeavour, so we are incredibly proud to announce our partnership with the University of Newcastle Surgical Society!
The Keystone perforator island flap, invented by Australian surgeon Dr Felix Behan and first published in 2003, is essential in the arsenal of any reconstructive surgeon. The flap design is highly robust and immensely valuable for closing skin defects of the lower limb following tumour removal.
With the return of RACS exams and the next GSSE in November its times to get serious about your study! Start now and give yourself sufficient time to cover the anatomy syllabus in detail.
Multiple true/false question! This is must know content for your primary surgical exam (GSSE), and for all general surgeons! Acute appendicectomy is one of the most common procedures performed by general surgical trainees, so make sure you know the anatomy inside and out.
Exciting news, the GSSE is back up and running! RACS has recently announced the next exam will be held on the 4th and 5th of November, so make the most of our current sales prices and sign up to Primary Anatomy today! Its time to get through this exam and get on with your training!
The SYNTAX trial is the landmark RCT for cardiothoracic surgeons. CABG versus PCI. In this international trial 1800 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease were randomly assigned to either revascularisation with CABG or PCI. Those undergoing PCI were found to be more likely to reach the primary end point of death from any cause, stroke, AMI, or repeat revascularisation.
There is no easy way around learning surgical anatomy. It requires discipline, dedication and hard work. However your study technique and the resources you use are vital.
We would like to announce our new sponsorship of the New South Wales Medical Students’ Council who are the peak representative body for over 5,700 medical students across nine medical schools in NSW and the ACT. NSW MSC advocate for the well-being, cooperation and ongoing education of all medical students across the two states and we are immensely proud to be supporting their cause during these difficult times.
The reverse total shoulder replacement is a fascinating concept and has become the gold standard for rotator cuff arthropathies.
Here’s one for all future orthopods and anyone else studying for the GSSE! Upper and lower limb feature heavily in the exam and comprise 18 of the 60 Anatomy MCQs!
Open or laparoscopic surgery for acute appendicitis? Why and what is your evidence?! –
Who’s confident with the structures of the heart? Cardiac anatomy is a gold mine for questions on embryology. Keep this in mind for the exam.
The GSSE is exclusively based on the core recommended texts – Last’s 9th Ed. And Rohens Atlas. You must know these two texts like the back of your hand, quoting them is even better!
Cerebral bypass surgery
Isn’t this incredible! Cerebral bypass surgery, the neurosurgeons equivalent of the CABG. An amazing step in the application of microsurgery to the realms of neurosurgery and the ‘treatment’ (bypass) of complex aneurysms, vasculopathies and extensive atherosclerosis. Delicate and precarious work but immensely rewarding. You most definitely want to be confident with your microsurgical technique! 👏
We are very proud to announce our sponsorship and support of the Surgical Society of Notre Dame University (SANDUS)! It has been fantastic to see the rapid adoption and move to online learning by all medical schools and surgical societies during this time, and we are more than proud to be supporting the ongoing education of our surgically inclined students and trainees!
Understanding the relationship of anatomical structures is vital for your exams and your surgical training. Try to start forming a visual memory of the structures in a particular anatomical region, this way you will be able to rapidly identify if one structure lies superficial or deep to another etc. Observation and drawing is key to forming this visual memory!
Understanding the relationship of structures is vital for your exams. Many of our questions are aimed at re-enforcing these relationships within key anatomical regions. As requested, a head & neck multiple true/false questions!
As promised, this is the follow up article to our post on watchful waiting vs repair of inguinal hernias.